Long term research of public opinion concerning the actual political situation in Kosova
The Political Barometer is the first research project concerning a political topic initiated by AAB University respectively by the Center for Public Opinion Research – QHO. This first experimental research is financed by AAB University and is realized in cooperation with the University of Ljubljana, the Center for Public Opinion Research and Mass Communication of this University.1
The canvass was realized in the time from December 4th to December 6th by means of standardized and anonym questionnaires using the “Face-to-Face” method. The questionnaires were distributed throughout Kosova – in the regions of Pristina, Gjilan, Ferizaj, Prizren, Gjakovo, Peje and Mitrovica including the localities with inhabitants of other nationalities. The way of distributing the questionnaires is based on the number of inhabitants according to the records of the Kosova registration office,2 from 880 planed persons 876 (99%) persons with voting right were polled, a result which makes the project representative. The canvass was realized by 30 persons throughout the communes. The time for the completion of one questionnaire varied from 5 to 10 minutes. The data were analyzed by means of the statistical Software SPSS.3
The questionnaire was composed by the Head of the Center Lulzim Pllana MA, in cooperation with Prof. Dr. Niko Tos, Head of the Center for Opinion Research and Mass Communication and Dr. Slavdo Kurdija, professor and collaborator of the Center at the University of Ljubljana in Slovenia. The questionnaire consists of the fix part containing the same questions throughout all stages of the canvass and the variable part, containing questions concerning the actual situation during the realization of the canvass. In general, the questionnaire aims the definition and political orientation of the public opinion concerning the current political situation and evaluation of political events especially those in Kosova. Apart from the evaluation of the national institutions such as Government, Prime Minister, Parliament, Police, Political Parties, KLMDNJ, Trade Unions and the Ombudsman the questionnaire offers also the evaluation of the trust in international institutions like those from the United Nations, European Union as well as those from the United States of America. Another evaluation point is the trust in media by differentiating between the public and private ones. The most important question of the “Political Barometer” is the so called “Sunday question” or “for which party you would vote”; this can be seen as the essence of the Political Barometer. In order to compare and decide on the developments of the trends concerning the respective parties the subsequent question is “for which party did you vote the last elections”. As a consequence of this an evaluation of the political personalities by means of the open question is also done. This method of evaluation facilitates the evaluation of their political activities for a long period of time. The result of this evaluation can be gained the best by posing the question if there are changes in the field of social life, economy, education, healthcare, etc. in our case since the last elections of November 2007.
The variable part of the Barometer contains the questions which can or cannot be repeated in the questionnaire of the Barometer depending on the present situation. Matters such as the transformation of KPC4 into KSF”,5 “points of Ban Ki Moon“, “Plan of Ahtisari“ or “Policy of Barak Obama with regard to Kosova“ are typical questions of the variable part of the Barometer.
The empiric part of the Barometer contains the analysis of the data respectively the results of the research.